SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES
WHAT IS SELECTIVE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (SMS)?
SMS involves certain practices that are followed to ensure the following objectives are achieved:
- Efficient and economic harvesting, utilisation, reforestation and sustained yield; and
- Biologically ecologically and environmentally sustainable forest development.
HOW SMS WORKS?
- There must be a proper pre-felling forest inventory carried out by Forestry Department staff. There is where trees that are big enough and suitable to be felled will be clearly marked.
- Good trees that produce seeds, also called ‘mother trees’, are also clearly marked as these must never be felled.
- After logging, a post-felling inventory is carried out by Forestry Department staff to determine the status of the forest stand.
- Appropriate silvicultural treatments will be applied in the process of rehabilitating the logged-over forest area. This will help the forest regenerate and return to their former state of eco-balance more quickly.
- It may require another 25-30 years before that particular forest compartment could be harvested again. By the time, having had enough sunlight from the opening of forest canopy, the smaller trees will have grown big enough for felling and the whole cycle could be repeated. This is how the forests are maintained as a perpetual source of timber and other forest products.
Info above from MTC (Malaysian Timber Council)